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Evaluation of biodiesel production from micro-algae in a photobioreactor and study of its physical and chemical properties
Tayebeh Moazzeni Miss, Maryam Sadrnia Dr , Reza Hajihosseini Prof
Abstract:   (151 Views)
Biodiesel Methyl Ester or Ethyl Ester is a natural oil that is very similar to diesel and can be used as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. Micro-algae are able to produce and store high amounts of lipids. In this research, the production of biodiesel fuel from microalgae was investigated in a biofilm and some of its physical and chemical properties were determined. In this study, mixed microalgae was cultured in a photobioreactor in two light intensities of 8,000 and 16,000 lux. The biomass produced in the light intensity of 8000 lux after isolation and drying was subjected to a direct trans-esterification process and biodiesel was produced. Then analysis of the biodiisole-forming fatty acid profile was determined using GC / MS. Some biodiesel characteristics, such as density, cloudy point, spin point, and freezing point, were also studied. The light intensity of 8000 lux was superior to the magnitude of doubling of cells, specific growth rate and biomass production compared to 16000 lux light intensity, and was used to produce microalgae biomass. The results of GC / MS showed that biodiesel resulting from transesterification of lipid micro-algae contained 50. 31% saturated fatty acid and 49.69% unsaturated fatty acid. Pallic acid saturated fatty acids (C16: 0) with 39.16%, acetatanic acid (C18: 0), 65.6%, arachidic acid (0.72% C20: 0%), margaric acid (0.17% C17: 0%) and acids The unsaturated linoleic fat (C18: 2) with 27.47%, acidulic acid (C18: 1) with 20.04 and palmitoleic acid (C16: 1) formed 25.2% biodiesel. The produced biodiesel was 0.853 g / cm3 and the cloud was cloudy and its dropping point was 3- and 10 ° C. The results of the study showed that the microalgae culture in the photobiovert can be minimized by minimizing the cost and time. Also, fatty acid profiles and biodiesel physical properties indicated that the micro-algae biodiesel was of high quality and direct steady-state exchange could be a good option for producing biodiesel, as compared to other methods.
Keywords: biodiesel, microalgae, photo bioreactor
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: بيوتكنولوژي و فرآوري هاي شيلاتي
Received: 2019/03/25
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با کسب مجوز از دفتر کمیسیون بررسی نشریات علمی وزارت علوم، تحقیات و فنآوری مجله علمی شیلات بصورت آنلاین می باشد و تعداد محدودی هم به چاپ می رساند. شماره شاپای جدید آن ISSN:2322-5998 است

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